The Importance of Play

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Play is universal among most living species.  Puppies, kittens, monkeys and fish play and children across all cultures and throughout the generations have played. Research proves that play has a significant role in the development of humans and animals alike.  Among the many benefits of play are stress reduction and the promotion of social skills and cognitive development.

Unfortunately, unstructured play is becoming something of a lost art today. An increased focus on academic achievement, scheduled activities like sports, and technology have taken the place of free, child-centered, imaginative play.  Changes in the family structure and parents’ fears of unsupervised outdoor exploration also add to the reasons children don’t play like they once did. No matter the reasons, the reduction in the amount of time young children spend in play is proving to be problematic.

The American Academy of Pediatrics is addressing this issue through research and recently published an article called, “Clarion Call to Encourage Play.” The article asserts that play is a natural tool for children to learn and cooperate with one another, problem solve, negotiate and develop resiliency.  It is the way that children throughout the ages have learned how the world works.  In a study of rats, it was found that play made the brain more adaptable later in life – especially with social skills and executive function (Pellis, Pellis, & Himmler 2014).

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High quality early education programs use guided play in their instruction.  Play-centered curricula allow children to direct and choose their own exploration within an environment set up by the teacher with a learning goal in mind.  Playful interactions between children and adults create and support the development of social skills and provide an environment where healthy development and learning can occur.  Guided play allows teachers to reinforce important skills without taking over, allowing a child to enjoy and engage in activities of their choosing.  Guided and free play is especially important for vulnerable populations like children from low-income environments, those with disabilities or children who have experienced trauma and is more effective for learning language, word usage and vocabulary (Toub et al. 2016; Han et al. 2010).

While there is much to learn, it is clear that diminished play time both at home and in school is detrimental to the healthy development of young children and notable institutions like the American Academy of Pediatrics and the National Association for the Education of Young Children are carrying this research-based message about the importance of play to educators and parents.  Read, “Clarion Call to Encourage Play” and “The Case of Brain Science and Guided Play: A Developing Story” here to learn more about the importance of play.

References:

Pellis, S.M., V.C. Pellis, & B.T. Himmler. 2014. “How Play Makes for a More Adaptable Brain: A Comparative and Neural Perspective.” American Journal of Play 7 (1): 73–98. http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/EJ1043959.pdf.

Toub, T.S., B. Hassinger-Das, H. Ilgaz, D.S. Weisberg, K.T. Nesbitt, M.F. Collins, K. Hirsh-Pasek, R.M. Golinkoff, D.K. Dickinson, & A. Nicolopoulou. “The Language of Play: Developing Preschool Vocabulary Through Play Following Shared Book-Reading.” Manuscript submitted for publication, 2016.

Posted on August 31, 2018 .

TNE3S WORKOUT OF THE DAY (WOD)

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Warm-up:

  • Run around cones

  • Kangaroo jump

  • Skip

  • Chasse

 

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Skill: Squat & Hurdles

every time your hear FREEZE, grab a beanie from the center and put it by your cone

  • 10-8-6-4-2 Squats

  • Jump over cones back and forth (each child has their own cone)

Hungry Frog GAME:

lily pads set down everywhere, balls and beanies are scattered. Kids must follow the lily pads to pick up the food and give to the bullfrog. (pick up one item at a time)

10 Things Every Parent Should Know About Play

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1. Children learn through their play.
Don’t underestimate the value of play. Children learn and develop:

Cognitive skills – like math and problem solving in a pretend grocery store

Physical abilities – like balancing blocks and running on the playground

New vocabulary – like the words they need to play with toy dinosaurs

Social skills – like playing together in a pretend car wash

Literacy skills – like creating a menu for a pretend restaurant

2. Play is healthy.
Play helps children grow strong and healthy. It also counteracts obesity issues facing many children today.

3. Play reduces stress.
Play helps your children grow emotionally. It is joyful and provides an outlet for anxiety and stress.

4. Play is more than meets the eye.
Play is simple and complex. There are many types of play: symbolic, sociodramatic, functional, and games with rules-–to name just a few. Researchers study play’s many aspects: how children learn through play, how outdoor play impacts children’s health, the effects of screen time on play, to the need for recess in the school day.

5. Make time for play.
As parents, you are the biggest supporters of your children’s learning. You can make sure they have as much time to play as possible during the day to promote cognitive, language, physical, social, and emotional development.

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6. Play and learning go hand-in-hand.
They are not separate activities. They are intertwined. Think about them as a science lecture with a lab. Play is the child’s lab.

7. Play outside.
Remember your own outdoor experiences of building forts, playing on the beach, sledding in the winter, or playing with other children in the neighborhood. Make sure your children create outdoor memories too.

8. There’s a lot to learn about play.
There’s a lot written on children and play. Here are some NAEYC articles and books about play. David Elkind’s The Power of Play (Da Capo, 2007 reprint) is also a great resource.

9. Trust your own playful instincts.
Remember as a child how play just came naturally? Give your children time for play and see all that they are capable of when given the opportunity.

10. Play is a child’s context for learning.
Children practice and reinforce their learning in multiple areas during play. It gives them a place and a time for learning that cannot be achieved through completing a worksheet. For example, in playing restaurant, children write and draw menus, set prices, take orders, and make out checks. Play provides rich learning opportunities and leads to children’s success and self-esteem.

Read more from The National Association for the Education of Young Children.

Posted on August 21, 2018 .

Calling All Early Educators in Hampton Roads!

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The evidence is clear – high quality early education experiences help children develop foundational readiness skills that are highly predictive of educational and workforce success.

A well-developed curriculum and teachers trained and supported in using the curriculum effectively are the centerpieces of high quality early education.  Teachers educate children better using the guidance of a proven curriculum.  Researchers at UVA’s Center for Advanced Study of Teaching and Learning, in collaboration with E3: Elevate Early Education contributed years of knowledge in developing an innovative, engaging and interaction-based curriculum model using the latest developmental and early education research.  The STREAM: Integrated, Intentional, Interactions (STREAMin3) Curriculum focuses on five core skills that form the building blocks for later learning and six STREAM skills that prepare children for success in kindergarten and beyond.  The model includes a variety of activities and routines for children and, coaching, assessments and professional development for teachers.

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The core skills in the curriculum include:  RELATE with peers and adults; REGULATE their emotions, attention and behavior; THINK deeply about the world around them; COMMUNICATE with others productively; and, MOVE their bodies to achieve goals.  The STREAM skills are: Science, Technology, Reading, Engineering, Art and Math.

The STREAM model was originally developed with funding from E3: Elevate Early Education for use at The New E3 School, a state-of-the-art demonstration school for children ages one to five.  Upon entering The New E3 School, you will see the STREAM in action. Teachers at The New E3 School have been trained to use the curriculum and receive coaching and professional development regularly to ensure they are implementing it effectively to tap into a child’s natural talent, curiosity and ability and to benefit their learning.   The model is designed to support intentional, meaningful interactions between teachers and children while they are engaged in active, FUN experiences that promote problem-solving, curiosity and children’s interest.  Educators at The New E3 School employ the STREAM to develop children’s minds and thus shape their lives. 

If you are an early educator in Virginia, this is an exciting time for you.  The Virginia General Assembly, recognizing the importance of curriculum and teacher-child interactions as the primary ingredients of high quality early education, appropriated funds for 50 private- and faith-based classrooms to pilot the STREAM curriculum package including its’ coaching and professional development models. Teachers are paired with a trained coach who observes and analyzes their interactions with students in their own classrooms.  They work together throughout the school year to improve their teaching practice, increase the quality of their interactions with children and consistently implement the curriculum with efficacy. Professional development sessions are interactive and include an action plan and ongoing follow-up to related to goals set throughout the process. 

Early educators looking to take the level of quality in your school to the next level should consider partnering with UVA CASTL in this exciting venture.  CASTL is currently accepting applicants for participation.  Don’t delay expressing your interest as only 50 classrooms will be eligible for participation this fall.    

Participating programs will receive:

·         Complete STREAM curriculum package and materials.

·         Core & STREAM Skill Activities & Routines for the Classroom.

·         Professional Development provided by the experts at UVA CASTL online and in person that will increase teachers’ knowledge of child development and ability to identify and address children’s needs.

·         On-site coaching to improve teaching & learning in the classroom.

·         Administrator tools such as an implementation checklist designed to help. you tailor your assessments and supports for teachers.

·         Assessments of classroom quality and children’s readiness skills.

·         Compensation for any time teachers spend outside the typical work day.

UVA CASTL launches this opportunity first in Hampton Roads with informational recruitment events in Hampton and Norfolk this month before moving into other areas of the state. 

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Information for these events is as follows:

Peninsula Region: Tuesday, August 14 11:00-12:30 at The Downtown Hampton Child Development Center, 1306 Thomas St., Hampton, VA

South Hampton Roads: Friday, August 17 12:00-1:30 (lunch served) at The New E3 School, 2901 Granby St., Norfolk, VA

If you are interested in hearing more or being among the first in Virginia to gain access to this curriculum, please contact Kate Matthew at klt8z@virginia.edu

Stability CrossFit for Kids @ The New E3 School

Check out the Workout of the Day (WOD) with Coach Clarissa: 

Warmup: WOD Races (altogether)

Starting on one line….Skip, duck walk, bear crawl, frog jump, run to other side.

3 rockets + 1 burpee then do the race again.

Skill: Overhead Squats (OHS) + Mountain Climbers.

Split group into 2

Practice OHS while second group does their mountain climbers then switch.

Game: Balancing Acts (tight rope, juggling, still balance, etc).

Equipment needs: Painters tape, beanie babies, poly spots, cones, scarves.

It is all about fitness, fun and being healthy! We hope our children and families will make exercise a part of their everyday life.

 

 

Posted on July 19, 2018 .

Enrichment @ TNE3S…Calling All Scientists & Mathematicians!

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Whoa! That is one big rock. The Pretlow Planetarium @ ODU stopped by with a 65-pound meteorite. Our children learned that this rock made of stone or metal comes from outer space and landed on earth. They had a chance to touch, feel and talk about outer space and meteorites.

STREAM Skills: Science

Core Skills: Regulate- maintain focus and attention. Think- actively explore, observe and make predictions.

The Norfolk Master Gardeners paid us a visit to help plant flowers in our garden. Our children were having so much fun; they had no idea they working on math and science. While planting on our nature playground, they:

·         Matched & sorted

·         Observed & described

·         Compared objects

·         Followed simple directions

STREAM Skills: Math & Science

Core Skills: Regulate- use short-term memory and follow instructions.

Now, we have to water and take care of our garden. We are so thankful to have the Norfolk Master Gardeners come back every few weeks to help us care for our plants. At The New E3 School, our children are learning to respect and care for our environment.

 Lisa Howard, President & CEO

Lisa Howard, President & CEO

 

 

 

Promoting Sense of Self

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Preschoolers are beginning to develop their own understanding of themselves as unique individuals.  This includes learning about the characteristics, skills, interests, and behaviors that they consider most important about themselves.  In addition, they are starting to develop an understanding of how they are different or similar to other people. Your child’s developing sense of self is heavily influenced by the way that the adults they value and interact with them. When you provide an environment that is filled with acceptance and respect for others’ preferences, thoughts, and other characteristics, it helps your child develop a positive sense of self. 

How you can support your child's development of this skill

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  • Encourage art activities to promote your child’s free expression. For example, activities like painting, drawing, singing, dancing, acting, etc.  
  • Use photos in your home to compare and discuss similarities and differences in “who we are.” 
  • Create activities at home where your child can communicate their likes, dislikes, or opinions. For example, allowing your child to taste different sauces or foods before dinner and asking their thoughts

Download our handout from University of Virginia's Center for Advanced Study of Teaching and Learning for more on the development of these skills.

Promoting Healthy Habits: Food Choices

What you need to know: 

Eating healthy, nutritious foods supports children’s physical growth. In addition, it helps improve their energy, motivation, mood, and ability to focus.  When children form positive thoughts and habits around healthy eating, it makes it more likely that they will reach for healthy foods in the future.  You can support this development by involving your child in growing, cooking, identifying, and talking about healthy foods.  The best way to promote healthy eating habits is to offer nutritious foods multiple times and allow your child to decide whether to eat, what to eat, and how much to eat. 

How you can support your child's development of this skill:

  • Play with real and pretend healthy foods, such as fruits and vegetables. 
  • Bring your child to grocery stores, farms, or markets to help them build an understanding of where to find and buy food. 
  • Read books about healthy food and where food comes from. 
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Model and Narrate Healthy Food Choices

  • Talk to your child about healthy food choices.  
  • Focus on pointing out the positive behaviors you observe. 
  • “It’s important to eat different types of foods. You’re eating fruits and veggies.” 
  • “We are growing tomatoes in our garden. They are healthy and yummy!” 

Present All Food as Attractive, Enjoyable Options

  • Celebrate the deliciousness and benefits of all foods. 
  • "Salmon and trout are both fish but taste different!” 
  • “This Indian food is spicy and yummy!” 

Development of these skills

Below are descriptions of how preschoolers’ understanding of healthy foods develops over time.  Each child develops in their own way and at their own pace, so it’s okay if your child isn’t showing the behaviors listed below just yet.  

 

Between 36 and 48 months, children may: 

  • Recognize that food and nutrition are important to healthy development

  • Often require adult guidance to make healthy eating choices

Between 48 and 60 months, children may: 

  • Show greater understanding of how foods and nutrition help the body grow and be healthy

  • Make healthy eating choices both independently and with support

  • Tell the difference between some healthy and unhealthy foods  

  • Control how much they eat based on hunger and fullness

CrossFit for Kids

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We are excited launch our CrossFit for Kids program with Coach Clarissa from Stability CrossFit this week. The goal of our CrossFit for Kids program is to introduce kids to CrossFit concepts within a play-based environment that teaches the basics of functional movement, develops motor skills and helps them to think of exercise as being FUN! The classes will be held in the Kiva or the nature playground. 

It's Community Service Week at The New E3 School!

Classroom 1, (three & four-year-old classroom) chose to focus their Community Service Week activities around learning what firemen and police officers do for our community.  Some friends even dressed up to celebrate.  They worked together on an art project to give to our local police officers to say "Thank You" for protecting our community!

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Classroom 6, (two-year-old classroom) chose to focus their Community Service Week activities around caring for animals.  While flexing their creative muscles pretending to care for pets in the classroom and decorating boxes for donations and honing their empathy skills, the class collected pet food to donate to Winston Wishes, a Hampton Roads charity that helps pet owners living in the Hampton Roads Area during times of need with pet food and supplies. Winston The Cat himself came into the classroom to accept the donations and meet the kids! 

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Classroom 8, (one-year-old classroom) focused on sharing, books and reading for Community Service Week.  They asked all The New E3 School families to donate used books and have created a community library in our Kiva for all of our classrooms to use.  The children helped set up the new library and had story time there to celebrate a job well done!

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Professional Development (PD Day) was Yesterday! 

What a great way to start the day! The morning began with Angela Phillips from Angela Phillips Yoga Studio guiding teachers through yoga poses and helping them to bring yoga into each classroom. Namaste! 

Then our entire team was hard at work on PD Day! Kate Matthews with UVA CASTL was in town to focus on the core skill of think & how to emphasize hard work & effort with children. Check out these photos as our teachers collaborated in large and small group activities. 

And yes, those are real worms. Learning should be messy, slimy and fun. The worms were the prop for teachers to think about how to ask open-ended questions, help children predict, explore and guide children’s learning as they delve deeper into an activity and focus on a core skill. 

It reminds us all that it is important to recognize effort, perseverance and hard work in everything our children do from art, building with blocks, learning to ride a bike and playing sports. Hard work always pays off in the long run!

 Lisa Howard, President & CEO

Lisa Howard, President & CEO

The New E3 School Parent's Night February 2018

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What an amazing turnout at our inaugural Parent’s Night about two weeks ago! We all know how challenging it is when you have young children to get out a-n-y night of the week, but especially on a cold, dreary and rainy Tuesday evening. That did not stop our families!

It was a packed house of parents listening, asking thoughtful questions and engaging with Dr. Amanda Williford with UVA CASTL, teachers and the leadership team. Dr. Williford walked parents through the STREAMin3 curriculum developed by UVA CASTL and implemented at our school.

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Our families walked away with a greater understanding of the five core & STREAM skills, on-site coaching and professional development model for our teachers and what it truly means to be ready for kindergarten. And Dr. Williford shared the Family Core Skill cards that support the same skills that the teachers are focused on in the classroom that week and ways to support and develop that skill at home in a fun and engaging way.

At the end of the evening, Dr. Williford shared the results of the K-Readiness Report (Spring 2017) in terms of the quality of classroom interactions and K-readiness skills. As you know, the children in the four-year-old classroom’s readiness to enter kindergarten was assessed in literacy, math, social skills and self-regulation. When compared to kindergarten-entry benchmarks the results show that children at our school met or exceeded benchmarks for math, literacy, and self-regulation. Some four-year-old children did not meet the benchmark for social skills (sharing, expressing their needs and wants positively, taking turns and complying with adult directions). This aligns with the Virginia Kindergarten Readiness Program statewide data in terms of children needing additional help in the domain of social skills in  participating school divisions.

 

"When compared to kindergarten-entry benchmarks the results show that children at our school met or exceeded benchmarks for math, literacy, and self-regulation."

(University of Virginia Center for Advanced Teaching and Learning, K Readiness Report for The New E3 School, 2017)

 

Research tells us that teacher-child interactions are one of the strongest predictors of children being ready for kindergarten and a critical component to high quality classrooms. The CLASS is an observational tool used nationally that measures the quality of teacher-child interactions across critical learning domains of teaching that are linked to student achievement and development (emotional support, classroom organization, and instructional support). The CLASS scores provide evidence that teachers at TNE3S are engaged in high-quality, supportive interactions with children. When compared to other well-regarded programs in other states (Boston’s or Georgia's pre-k programs), the scores at The New E3 School are the same or higher.

The data collected in 2017 helped to inform the teaching and learning at our school and the final development phase of the UVA CASTL curriculum package (high-quality curriculum, coaching, professional development and the ongoing progress monitoring of teachers and children).

The New E3 School is a special and whimsical place where our children are developing a love of learning, playing, building upon their interests and experiences, asking questions, solving problems, working in teams, talking, thinking and creating. And none of this would be possible without a strong partnership between our school leadership, teachers and families.

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             S.T.R.E.A.M.

            S.T.R.E.A.M.

With Gratitude,

 Lisa Howard, President & CEO

Lisa Howard, President & CEO

STREAMin3 Curriculum

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At The New E3 School, our classrooms are filled with children exploring, experimenting and engaging in daily STREAM activities and core skills.

The components of the curriculum focus on: children’s interests & experiences, active engagement & experiences, play & fun, problem solving and curiosity.

 

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CORE skills:

Relate-with peers and adults

Regulate- their emotions, attention and behavior

Think- deeply about the world around them

Communicate- with others productively

Move- their bodies to achieve goals

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S.T.R.E.A.M. Skills:

Science-scientific method, understand natural and physical world

Technology- using tools to create, explore and innovate

Reading- book understanding, alphabet knowledge, phonological awareness, print concepts, early writing

Engineering- understand how and why things work

Art- creating, expressing, and imagining through a variety of mediums

Math- number sense, geometry, spatial relations, patterns, measurement

Posted on February 22, 2018 .

The New E3 School Turns 3!

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Happy 3rd Birthday to The New E3 School(TNE3S)! Today marks the third birthday of our school. This has been a vision in the making for the last five years or so. Our school opened its doors in 2015 with nine children by design and we have almost reached capacity.

Time and time again, I am asked why TNE3S was created. Our prototype model school was created to begin to answer the question of what works in helping children be ready for kindergarten and show that when children have a high quality early education experience they enter kindergarten ready and that investment pays off when the same infusion of high quality occurs in kindergarten through third grade. Our goal is to show that high quality early education narrows the achievement and readiness gaps in a socioeconomic diverse model. It was designed to be a cost-sustainable and replicable model so that everything that is happening inside the building could happen in any early childhood program.

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We teamed up with UVA’s Center for Advanced Study of Teaching & Learning (CASTL) to develop the recipe for high quality. All too often, you hear the phrase high quality early education thrown around; however, there hasn’t been a clear and simple definition of what that means and what that should look like for our children. And let me be clear that recipe must ensure that children are learning by doing and through play in a way that develops a love of learning and natural curiosity for the world around them. That recipe must also include equipping teachers with the tools they need to be effective in the classroom.

Our approach is to have intentional and integrated teaching and learning. How? The STREAMin3 curriculum developed at the UVA CASTL is designed using the latest developmental and early education research. The STREAM: Integrated. Intentional. Interactions. Curriculum focuses on 5 core skills that form the building blocks for later learning and 6 STREAM skills to prepare children for success in kindergarten and beyond. All components focus on:

·         Children’s interest

·         Active engagement & experiences

·         Fun & play

·         Problem-solving & curiosity

This model includes: curriculum, coaching to implement the model and in-person, on-site professional development for the teachers and progress monitoring assessments.

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We could not have a high quality early education demonstration model school without our highly skilled early educators! We are thankful for our teachers and staff who work tirelessly to help our children grow, develop and thrive. There is a partnership between teachers, staff and families to build a strong foundation for academic and life success for every child.

From the day we opened our doors, we have had an all-star team comprised of our board of trustees, school leaders, parents, teachers, coaches, licensing specialists, yoga teacher and UVA CASTL researchers. Together, we set out to show what an elevated early education program should look like for all children regardless of their zip code and define the features of an excellent high quality early education program.

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Stay tuned! Over the next few weeks, we will unveil our STREAMin3 curriculum, professional development and coaching model and the k-readiness results.

We look forward to another year impacting the children in our region, state and beyond. What we are doing at TNE3S is influencing early childhood research and practice. Thank you for being a part of this important work.

With gratitude,

Lisa Howard

President & CEO

E3: Elevate Early Education & The New E3 School

Posted on February 2, 2018 .

Indoor Activities for Toddlers & Preschoolers!

While we wait for the snow and ice to melt, here are a few activities to keep your child entertained!

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Paper Plate Ring Toss

Materials needed:

  • paper plates
  • paint
  • scissors
  • long cardboard tube (from paper towels, etc)
  • tape

For the rings: Cut the middle out of the plates & decorate using paint.

For the stand: Cut slits in the bottom of the tube, flatten and tape to the reverse side of a plate.

Thanks to A Little Learning For Two for the fun idea!

 

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Paint the snow

Materials needed:

  • A plastic bin
  • Water & food coloring
  • Paint brush
  • Snow

Fill a bin with snow, mix small containers of water and food coloring and let the play begin!

For more indoor snow play activities, visit A Jeweled Rose.

 

 

 

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Sticker Names

Materials needed:

  • Stickers
  • Construction paper
  • Marker

Grab a piece of paper and write your child's name on it. The goal: Cover the letters with stickers!

Head over to Busy Toddler for more activities!

Posted on January 8, 2018 .

Winter themed activities to do indoors!

With winter weather in the forecast this week, we've compiled a list of activities and crafts to do indoors! 

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Make a snowman!

The snowman is easy to craft from a plastic bottle. Kids enjoy filling the snowman with snow and attaching eyes, nose, mouth, and accessories. For instructions, visit earlylearningideas.com

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Snowflake painting!

Materials needed:

  • Painter's tape
  • Canvas
  • Paint & a paint brush

Visit littlebinsforlittlehands.com for more!

 

 

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Mitten Math Snowflake Counting!

Materials needed:

  • Foam mittens
  • Foam snowflake stickers
  • Permanent marker
  • Tray

To prepare mitten math, count out five to ten craft foam mittens and write numerals on the bottom using a permanent marker. Then count out enough foam snowflake stickers for each mitten. Arrange the foam mittens and snowflake stickers in a tray as an easy invitation to play. Stirthewonder.com for more!

Posted on January 2, 2018 .

Small Children Have Big Feelings

Be a “feelings detective”

Parents and caregivers can learn a lot about their child by watching them from birth. What makes them anxious? How often do they get hungry? Are they fussier when they’re tired? It helps to learn your child’s patterns, and to imagine what they might be feeling. In a challenging situation, you might try asking yourself, “What else could be going on here?” This can help you respond calmly and consistently to their needs. Small children have big feelings.

Be kind to yourself

It’s easier to be loving and patient when a child is smiling and playing than when they’re crying or being demanding. But difficult behaviors are a typical part of early childhood, and it’s natural for parents to have all kinds of feelings about these challenges. Respect your feelings, make sure your child is safe, and let yourself take a break if you need to regain your cool. When you can calm yourself during challenging times, you’re letting your baby know they can rely on you to help them manage their own emotions.

Build a toolbox together

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As your child develops, you can teach them to recognize their feelings by naming them, such as “It’s frustrating when you can’t get what you want”, or “It can get so boring when you have to wait”. You can also help them identify simple choices they can make to feel better, such as “Let’s wait our turn by playing with these blocks instead”, or “Let’s sing a song while we wait”. Offering alternatives helps them learn to express themselves in better ways that will serve them throughout life.

Read more from Talking is Teaching.